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How does photography work?

The photograph is linked to the light forming an image, usually with the help of a lens. The image is subsequently permanently saved by:


• chemical means, using films, liquid chemicals, and darkroom methods, or.

• digital media, using an electronic sensor, data storage and processing, and desktop printing. Because digital methods have become easy to access, cheaper, and more environmentally friendly, photographers can easily combine the two – filming and digital transfer of results for editing and printing. In many cases now, like current photography, the easy-to-use speed of the digital road is taken.


You don't have to understand either chemistry or electronics to take good photos of course, but it is important to have enough practical skills to control the results and thus work confidently.


The following is an overview of the key technical steps you will encounter in the chemical and numerical forms of photography.


Most aspects of the formation of an optical picture of your subject apply to both cinematographic and digital photography.


The light from your image's subject passes through a glass lens, which folds it into a concentrated image. The lens is located on the front of a light-proof box or camera with a light-sensitive surface such as the film facing it to the other end. The light is blocked from reaching the film through a shutter until you choose the moment of exposure. The quantity of exposure to light is most often controlled by a combination of time and the shutter is open and the diameter of the luminous beam crosses the lens. This one is damaged by an opening, like the iris of the eye. These two commands have a greater impact on visual performance. Shutter time changes the way motion is recorded, blurred, or frozen; the lens opening changes the depth of the subject that is being developed at the same time.


You need a viewfinder, focus screen, or electronic visualization screen to aim at the camera and compose, and a light meter, generally integrated, to measure the brightness of each subject.


The meter shall take account of the light sensitivity of the material in use that you save the image and that automatically reads or defines a suitable combination of the lens opening and shutter speed.


With knowledge and competence, you can override these parameters to reach the chosen effects or compensate for conditions that will deceive the counter.

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